Compact Crop Cutter and Thresher
Akshay D Barbade1, Sagar D Girase2, Manoj A Deore3, Kaustubh D. Patil4

1Akshay D Barbade, Student in Sandip Foundation, Nashik, India.
2Sagar D Girase, Student in Sandip Foundation, Nashik, India.
3Manoj A Deore, Student in Sandip Foundation, Nashik, India.
4Kaustubh D. Patil, Student in Sandip Foundation, Nashik, India.
Manuscript Received on May 08, 2015. | Revised Manuscript Received on May 28, 2015. | Manuscript published on June 20, 2015. | PP: 1-8 | Volume-3 Issue-7, June 2015. | Retrieval Number: F0629053615/2015©BEIESP
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Abstract: Rice harvesting and threshing is done manually in Punjab whereas in Sindh, harvesting is done manually and threshing by tractors as well as bullocks treading. The reconditioned wheat combines are also used for rice harvesting in Punjab. These are insufficient in number and hardly cover 40 percent rice area in Punjab. These are not properly adjusted for rice harvesting and are operated by poorly trained operators. This results in sizable field loss and internal damage to harvested rice grains and hence affects its milling quality. Agricultural mechanization refers to interjection of improved tools, implements and machines between farm workers and materials handled by them. Independent India ushered in a process of agricultural mechanization and revival of rural agroprocessing which got acceleration during post-Green Revolution period. Irrigation pump sets, power threshers, tractors, power tillers and matching implements, including for 65Million draft animals have became popular. Seed and seed-cumfertilizer drills, planters, mechanical rice transplanters, vertical conveyor reapers, and combines soon followed. In the recent past, Zero-till Drill and Raise Bed Planters have found good acceptance from the farmers. Currently mechanization is in increasing demand. Farmers and policy makers and developmental agencies now realise that for increasing production and productivity at reduced unit cost of production, free of arduous labour, agricultural mechanization is essential. It is brought in centre stage with globalization of world markets. Introduction of electromechanical power units supplementing and substituting traditional animate sources of farm power is going to continue. For achieving desired intensity of cropping average farm power requirement of 2 kW/ha is considered essential, currently it is 1.15kW/ha. Shifts in agriculture leading to crop diversification towards horticulture, animal husbandry fishery, forestry and on farm agro-processing are going to bring in greater degree of mechanization. India dominated by small and marginal land holdings may not have same trend of mechanization as the developed world but it is going to grow close to it with its own variant as labour wages go up and WTO Competition compels us to keep reducing unit costs of production, processing, packaging, and retail and situations demanding provision of custom servicing, custom agro-processing and acceptable standards of living.
Keywords: Rice, processing, Sindh, Agricultural, WTO, Punjab, policy, Introduction