Performance Evaluation of a Small-Medium Scale Yam Chips Dryer
J.T Liberty1, C.E Odo2, S.A Ngabea3
1J.T Liberty, Department of Agricultural & Environmental Resources Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Maiduguri, P.M.B 1069, Maiduguri, Borno State, Nigeria.
2C.E Odo, Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Biological Sciences, University of Nigeria, Nsukka
3S.A Ngabea Department of Agricultural & Bioresources Engineering, University of Nigeria, Nsukka
Manuscript received on June 07, 2013. | Revised Manuscript Received on June 12, 2013. | Manuscript published on June 20, 2013. | PP: 1-4 | Volume-1, Issue-7, June 2013. | Retrieval Number: G0232061713/2013©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: The design, construction and performance evaluation of a yam chips dryer using fuel wood as source of heat was undertaken with a view to helping small scale farmers process yam chips. The dryer consists of a frame, drying chamber, tray, fuel wood housing, perforated air space and chimney. The dryer was evaluated in terms of final moisture content, drying capacity, time taken to dry the chips and the quality of the chips. Results showed that the moisture content of 71.05% (wb) was reduced to 17.23% , the drying capacity was 6kg per loading and the time taken to dry the chips was increased to about 4hrs due to difficulty in regulating the heat produced by the fuel wood. Compared to other types of dryers (solar dryer, platform dryer, flat – bed dryer, continuous dryer e.t.c), the batch type dryer is preferred due to its ability to be used during rainy season and in the absence of electricity. The quality of the chips was found to be good. The dryer has an efficiency of 76%. The evaluation of the dryer shows that it can be used for small scale drying of yam chips.
Keywords: batch type dryer, fuel wood, small scale, performance evaluation, yam chips.