Design and Simulation of Fuel Cell Energy System to Power RO Desalination Plant
Kevin George Chittu1, S. Berclin Jeyaprabha2
1Kevin George Chittu, PG Scholar, Department of Electrical And Electronics, Karunya University, Coimbatore, India.
2S. Berclin Jeyaprabha, Assisstant Professor, Department of Electrical And Electronics, Karunya University, Coimbatore, India.
Manuscript received on March 04, 2013. | Revised Manuscript Received on March 13, 2013. | Manuscript published on March 20, 2013. | PP: 9-14 | Volume-1 Issue-4, March 2013. | Retrieval Number: D0169031413/2013©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Desalination is the only solution to this crisis as it provides clean drinking water from largely available sea water. Also it is necessary to drive this desalination plant by a nonconventional source in order to prevent the CO2 emission that affects the environment. Various renewable energy sources are available for this purpose such as solar energy, wind energy, geothermal energy, bio gas etc. By using proper channel to trap these energies we can power the desalination easily and effectively. Some of the sources like wind turbine, solar thermal systems, photovoltaic (pv), biogas plant, fuel cell are the widely used for desalination. Combining these sources with some of the desalination techniques such as Multi-stage flash evaporation (MSF), Multi effect boiling (MEB), Vapor compression (VC) and Reverse Osmosis (RO) will give optimum results. In this proposed system RO method of desalination and polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell as the power source is used.
Keywords: Fuel Cell, RO System, Desalination, Renewable Energy