Assessment of Wind speed for Electricity Generation in Makhool Mountain in Iraq
Omer Khalil Ahmed
Dr. Omer Khalil Ahmed, Unit of Renewable energies, Foundation of Technical Education/ Technical Institute / Hawija , Kirkuk, Iraq.
Manuscript received on January 01, 2014. | Revised Manuscript Received on January 12, 2014. | Manuscript published on January 20, 2014. | PP: 5-10 | Volume-2, Issue-2, January 2014. | Retrieval Number: B0385012214/2014©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering & Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Conventional energy usage has various environments that cause global warming and this effect has forced many countries to use renewable energy resources. Despite the abundance of renewable energy resources in Iraq, the use of solar and wind energy is still in its technological and economic infancy. Makhool mountain is located in north of Iraq. In Iraq, the electric power generated is not enough to meet the power demand of domestic and industrial sectors. The present study deals with the assessment of wind speed for the electricity generation over Makhool mountain (Latitude 35° 7′ and Longitude 43°25′) in Iraq by analyzing wind speed data during the period (January 2011 –November 2013).Monthly and annual wind speed, power and energy density at 10 m and 50 m above ground level calculated. The annual mean wind speed of Makhool is obtained as 3.87 m/s at 10 m/s and 5.87 m/s at 50 m. It can be seen that the wind is suitable for electricity generation. From the result this site has a great potential for harnessing wind energy. Also, Makhool Mountain is the best site for wind energy in Iraq in comparison with the other sites.
Keywords: Wind speed, Assessment, Electricity generation, Iraq.