Utilization of Neutralized Red Mud (Industrial Waste) in Concrete
A. B. Sawant1, M. B. Kumthekar2, S. G. Sawant3
1A. B. Sawant, Assistant Professor, Civil Engineering Department, KIT’s College of Engineering, Kolhapur, India.
2M. B. Kumthekar, Professor and Head of Civil Engineering Department, Government College of Engineering, Karad, India.
3Sandeep G. Sawant, Assistant Professor, Civil Engineering Department, KIT’s College of Engineering, Kolhapur, India.
Manuscript received on January 08, 2013. | Revised Manuscript Received on January 12, 2013. | Manuscript published on January 20, 2013. | PP: 9-13 | Volume-1 Issue-2, January 2013. | Retrieval Number: B0113011213/2013©BEIESP
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© The Authors. Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering and Sciences Publication (BEIESP). This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/)
Abstract: Sustainable industrial development causes accumulation of heaps of waste disturbing the natural mechanism the waste can be sometime best alternative for conventional; material like red mud. Red mud is industrial waste obtained as by product from Bayer method of alluminium extraction in this process, alkaline digestion of 2.5 T of bauxite affords alumina & 105 T of red mud. The average 4 million tones of red mud produces per annum, this amount composed of Fe & Ti oxides behaving as chemically inert material with variable percentage of nominal SiO2, Al2O3 & Na2O3 which are partly present in cement. This paper covers significance of red mud over Portland cement by partial replacement of cement up to certain extent.
Keywords: industrial development, industrial waste, red mud