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Volume-2 Issue-6

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Volume-2 Issue-6, May 2014, ISSN: 2319-9598 (Online)
Published By: Blue Eyes Intelligence Engineering & Sciences Publication Pvt. Ltd. 

Page No.



Vaishali G. Gorphade, H. Sudarsana Rao, M. Beulah

Paper Title:

Development of Genetic Algorithm based Neural Network Model for Predicting Workability and Strength of High Performance Concrete

Abstract: This paper presents an results of experimental investigation conducted to evaluate the possibilities of adopting Genetic Algorithm (GA) based Artificial Neural Networks (ANN) to predict the workability and strength characteristics of High Performance Concrete (HPC) with different water-binder ratios (0.3, 0.325, 0.35, 0.375, 0.4, 0.425, 0.45, 0.475 & 0.5) and different aggregate binder ratios (2, 2.5 & 3) and different percentage replacement of cement by mineral admixtures such as Flyash, Metakaolin and Silicafume (0, 10, 20 & 30%) as input vectors. The network has been trained with experimental data obtained from laboratory experimentation. The Artificial Neural Network learned the relationship for predicting the Compaction factor, Vee-bee time, Compressive of HPC in 1300 training epochs. The Artificial Neural Network learned the relationship for predicting the Compressive strength, Tensile strength, Flexural strength and Young’s Modulus of HPC in 2000 training epochs. After successful learning the GA based ANN models predicted the workability and strength characteristics satisfying all the constraints with an accuracy of about 95%. The various stages involved in the development of genetic algorithm based neural network models are addressed at length in this paper.

Artificial Neural Network (ANN), Back Propagation (BP), Genetic Algorithm (GA), Mineral Admixtures (MA), Root Mean Square Error (RMSE). Workability characteristics and Strength Characteristics (SC).


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4.        I-Cheng Yeh (1999). Design of High –Performance Concrete Mixture Using Neural Networks and Nonlinear Programming .Journal of Civil Engineering, Vol.13, No.1.

5.        Jamil.M,ZainM .F.M, Basri .H.B.(2009)Neural Network Simulator Model for Optimization in High Performance Concrete Mix Design .European Journal of Scientific Research Vol.34 No.1, pp.61-68

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9.        Ni Hong-Guang, Wang Ji-Zong (2000) Prediction of Compressive strength of concrete by neural networks Cement and Concrete research -Cem. Concr. Res.volume 30:1245–1250.

10.     Noorzaii. J, Wan, S. J. S. Hakim, M. S. Jafarand W. A. M. Thanoon(2007)  Development of artificial neural  networks for predicting concrete compressive strength of concrete International journal of Engineering and Technology.Vol.4, No.2, 2007, pp. 141-153.

11.     Prathibha Aggarwal (2011) Prediction of compressive strength of self compacting concrete with fuzzy logics World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology.  

12.     Rajasekaran, S. and Vijayalakshmi Pai, G. A. (2003). Neural Networks, Fuzzy Logic and Genetic Algorithms, (Prentice Hall of   India, New Delhi).

13.     Rajasekaran. S and R. Amalraj S. Anandkumar (2001). Optimization of mix proportions for high Performance Concrete using cellular genetic algorithms  Proceedings of National Seminar on Concrete Technology for 21 Century Annamalainagar : Annamalai University

14.     Sanad. A and Saka M.-  (2001). C Prediction of Ultimate shear strength of reinforced concrete deep beams using neural networks , M.sc ThJ.Struct.Eng.,127(7),818-828.

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17.     Sudarsana Rao. H and Ramesh Babu. B (2007). Hybrid neural network model for the design of beam subjected to bending and shear   using Artificial Neural Networks, ACI Materials Journal, Vol.98, No.5, pp. 394-401.

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Athoub Mousa Khaled Alzuwayed

Paper Title:

A Survey of Active Filters

Abstract: This paper presents and reviews the response of the low pass, high pass filter, band pass filter and band stop filters. Additionally, it presents and reviews the characteristic of Chebyshev, Butterworth and Bessel and how we implement each circuit then introduce examples for Sallen-Key Low-Pass Filter, Cascaded Low-Pass Filters and Multiple-Feedback Band-Pass Filter.

Bessel, Butterworth, Chebyshev characteristics, Pass filters.


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4.        A. B. Williams, Electronic Filter Design Handbook, McGraw-Hill, 1981, ISBN: 0-07-070430-9.

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7.        S. Franco, Design with Operational Amplifiers and Analog Integrated Circuits, McGraw-Hill 1988, ISBN: 0-07-021799-8.

8.        Aram Budak, Passive and Active Network Analysis and Synthesis, Houghton Mifflin Company,Boston, 1974.

9.        R. W. Daniels, Approximation Methods for Electronic Filter Design, McGraw-Hill, New York.

10.     E. H. Watanabe, H. Akagi, M. Aredes, “The p-q Theory for Active Filter Control: Some Problems and Solutions”, Trans. on Revista Control and Automation, Vol. 15 no. 1/Jan., Fev. e Maro 2004

11.     J. R. Bainter, Active Filter Has Stable Notch and Response Can be Regulated, Electronics, Oct. 2 1975, pp.115-11






Abbas Najim Salman, Bayda Atiya Khalaf, Haydar Sabeeh Kalash

Paper Title:

Improved of Stein-Type Estimator of the Variance of Normal Distribution via Shrinkage Estimation

Abstract: This paper concerned with pre- test single stage shrinkage estimator for estimating the variance (2) of normal distribution N(,2), when a prior estimate (o2) about (2)  is available  from the past experiences or similar cases as well as the  mean is known (say o) , by using Stein-type estimator , shrinkage weight factor (.) and pre-test region R. Expressions for Bias , Mean Squared Error and Relative Efficiency   of the proposed estimator are derived. Conclusions and numerical results are presented for Relative Efficiency and Bias Ratio. Comparisons were made with the existing estimators.

Normal Distribution, Stein-Type Estimator, Single Stage Shrinkage Estimator, Prior Estimate, Bias Ratio, Mean Squared Error and Relative Efficiency.


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3.        Al-Juboori,A.N., “Pre-Test Single and Double Stage Shrunken Estimators for the Mean of Normal Distribution With Known Variance”, Baghdad J. for Science, 7 (4), 1432-1442[2010].

4.        Al-Juboori,A.N." Single and Double Stage Shrunken Estimators for the Variance of Normal Distribution". Journal of Education, AL-Mustansiryia. University, 2 , 597-608[2011].

5.        Al-Juboori,A.N., "  Estimate the Reliability Function of Exponential Distribution Via Pre-Test Single Stage Shrinkage Estimator". Accepted to publish ,Tikrit of Mathematics and Computer Journal.[2012].

6.        Davis, R. L. and Arnold, J. C. ,“An Efficient Preliminary Test Estimator For The Variance Of Normal Population When The Mean is Unknown”. Biometrika, 57, 674-677 [1970].

7.        Hirano, N., “Some Properties of An Estimator for the Variance of a Normal Distribution ”. Ann. Inst. Statistic. Math., 25: 479-492 [1974].

8.        Pandey, B. N. “On Shrinkage Estimation of Normal Population Variance”. Comm. Statis. Theor. Meth., 4,A8, 359-345 [1979].

9.        Pandey, B. N. and Singh, J. “Estimation of Variance of Normal Population Using Prior Information”. J. Ind. Statist. Assoc., 15, 141-150 [1977].

10.     Singh, H. P. and Saxena, S." A class of Shrinkage Estimators for Variance of a Normal Population". Brazilian Journal of Probability and Statistics, 17, 41–56[2003].

11.     Stein, C., “In Admissibility of The Usual Estimator For The Variance of A Normal Distribution With Unknown Mean”. Ann. Inst. Statist. Math. 16, 155-160. [1964].

12.     Thompson, J. R., “Some Shrinkage Techniques For Estimating The Mean”. J. Amer. Statist. Assoc., 63, 113-122 [1968].